안녕하세요 유영조 형제입니다. 지난 주 설교말씀을 통하여 하나님께서는 우리에게 거룩한 삶을 요구하시고 그것을 위해서는 하나님을 두려움으로 섬겨야함을 교훈으로 받고 약간 긴장이 돌기도 했으나 매우 은혜로운 시간이었습니다.
다름이 아니오라, 2월1일 주일 아침 김재근목사님 오전 "겉사람이 있고 속사람이 있다."는 제목의 말씀 중에서
겉사람(고후4:16)과 옛사람(롬6:6)이 같다고 하셔서 그주 일주일 내내 로마서 6장, 고후 4장, 갈 5장 등을 읽으며 묵상했었습니다. 그리고 2월8일 주일에 홍승대 형제님과 많은 시간동안 의견을 주고 받으며 생각을 나누었었습니다.
우리에게 있어서, 예수님의 죽으심의 2가지 중요한 의미는 우리의 구원의 문제해결과 승리하는 삶의 원리를 제시하신 것이라고 생각했습니다. 예수님께서 십자가에서 죽으심으로 우리의 죄를 위한 속죄제물이 되신 것과 아울러 사도바울은 예수님께서 죽으시고 부활하심으로 우리의 옛사람을 십자가에 못박으신 것(롬6:6)이라고 하였습니다. 사도바울이 로마서에서 설명하고 있는 성도들의 삶에서 죄의 해결책과 관련한 매우 중요한 원리라고 생각이 되서 좀더 분명하게 이해해야 하겠다는 생각이 들었습니다.
설교에 관해 의문점이 조금 생겨서, 오늘 우리교회홈페이지(바로우측에 있는 추천사이트) "성경공부"에 들어갔더니, Middletown Bible Church , George Parsons 목사님의 설교 "The Believer's Two Natures" 가 있었습니다. 홍형제님과 나누었던 내용이 잘 정리가 되있어서 복사해서 올립니다.
저에게는 매우 유익한 내용이었습니다. 참고하시기 바랍니다.
The Believer's Two Natures
Middletown Bible Church/Pastor George Parsons
If I am saved, why do I still sin? Why do I have such a problem with sin while I am here on earth? Why am I still troubled with impure thoughts? Why do I sometimes do what I know is wrong? Why do I sometimes fail to do what I know is right? Why do I continue to battle with temptations? Why do I sometimes live and act like an unsaved person (see 1 Cor. 3:3), even though it grieves me and saddens me when I live this way?
The Unbeliever's One Nature
The unsaved man has but one nature--a sinful, selfish, corrupt, wicked nature which he received from Adam. How is the heart of man described in Jeremiah 17:9?
Man's heart is pure and good.
Man's heart is desperately wicked (incurably sick).
Man's heart contains some evil and some good.
Man's heart is mostly wicked, but there is a spark of goodness in everyone.
Most men have more goodness than they have badness.
1) Jeremiah 17:9-10. "The heart is _______________ above all things, and__________________ ______________." In this verse, the expression "desperately wicked" really means "incurably sick." We are so wicked that God says we are like a person who has a deadly, incurable disease. It is a disease far worse than cancer or leprosy or AIDS--it is the number one killer--SIN!
2) Mark 7:20-23. The Lord Jesus, the Son of God, spoke these words. Did Jesus agree with Jeremiah 17:9? __________ According to the Lord Jesus (Mark 7:20-23), is man’s heart basically evil or basically good? __________________________Write down six of the things that go out (proceed) from within us, proving that our hearts are wicked and diseased (Mark 7:21-22):
In Mark 7:23, Jesus described these things as "____________ things." After studying Mark 7:20-23, we must conclude that man’s basic and biggest problem is (circle the right one):
3) Matthew 7:9-11. According to these verses, did the Lord Jesus say that men are good or evil? ____________ According to these verses (especially verse 11), is it possible for an evil person to do good things? ________ Therefore, when we see people doing kind and good deeds, does this mean that these people are not evil?______ Unsaved people can sometimes be very good fathers, very good mothers, very good citizens, very good workers on their jobs, etc. However, they still have corrupt sinful natures which they received from Adam. Some people manifest their evil natures outwardly more than others by their profane speech and wicked deeds. Other people do not manifest their evil natures as much outwardly, and they may seem to live in a respectable and moral way. Whether a person seems to be behaving in a reasonable way or not, God's description of the human heart still stands. It is "deceitful above all things and desperately wicked" (Jer. 17:9).
4) Romans 3:10-18. When we look into a mirror we see ourselves as we really are on the outside. If our hair is messed up, the mirror will reveal that. If there is a pimple on my face, the mirror will show this. If there is chocolate smeared on my chin, the mirror will reflect this problem and show me my need to clean up.
What if God were to have us look into a mirror which revealed not our outward appearance, but the true condition of our heart? What if God were to have us look into a mirror to show us what our inner nature is really like? God has given us such a mirror. It is found in Romans 3:10-18. Do these verses present a pretty picture? ______ Are these verses a true description of you? ______ Does the word "all" in verse 12 include you? ____ Does the phrase "all the world" in verse 20 include you? _____ Are you guilty before God (v.20)? ______ Does the "all" in verse 23 include you? ______
* * * * * * * *
What is one thing that the unsaved person can never do (Romans 8:8; Hebrews 11:6)? __________________________________________ In Titus 3:3 we have a description of the unsaved person. Is this a good description of what you were like when you were unsaved? ____________ Another terrible (but true) description of the unsaved person is found in Ephesians 2:1-3. We were "by N______________ the children of wrath" (Eph. 2:3).
Two Natures in One Person
When a person is saved, he receives a new nature which is "created in ________________________ and true ____________________ (Ephesians 4:24). The believer has been made a partaker of the D__________ N____________ (2 Peter 1:4), the nature of God Himself! How does God describe the saved person who is in Christ (2 Cor. 5:17)? _________________________________________________________________
Now that I have a new nature, what has happened to my old sinful nature? Did it disappear? Was it transformed from something evil to something good? Was it totally removed? Was it partially removed?
If the believer says that he has no sin (no sin nature), is he telling the truth or is he deceiving himself (1 John 1:8)? _______________________________ If the believer says that he has not sinned (not committed any acts of sin), is he telling the truth or is he making God a liar (1 John 1:10)? ___________________________________________________ The old sinful nature has not been eradicated or removed. It is still present with the believer.
James 3:2 refers to believers and it says, "For in many things we offend all" or literally "For in many things we all offend." The word "offend" means that we all stumble, fall short, and go astray. We all fail and fall. Even as believers we all have sinned. We all offend, and therefore we all are in desperate need of the mercy and grace of God and in desperate need of His forgiveness and cleansing.
In light of these passages (1 John 1:8,10; James 3:2), we must conclude that when a person is saved, the old sinful nature is not removed, erased or eradicated. The believer still possesses the old nature and will continue to possess the old nature until he is with the Lord, at which time he will be free from the presence of sin forever.
Paul, as a saved man, made the following amazing statements:
Facts About the Old Nature
1) The Old Nature Does Not Change.
The old nature is incorrigible. It will not change. In fact, when you are saved the old nature will seem even worse! It is desperately wicked and it remains so. It will never become less wicked than it now is. "That which is born of the flesh is flesh" (John 3:6). Flesh is flesh and it will not change to become something else. Man's sinful flesh will always produce the works of the flesh (Galatians 5:19-21). Man's sinful flesh will never produce the fruit of the Spirit (Galatians 5:22-23). Only God can do that.
2) The Old Nature Does Not Improve
If you are hoping that your old nature will reform itself and improve its behavior, you are going to be very disappointed. That which is "corrupt" (Eph. 4:22) is going to continue to be corrupt. That which is "wretched" (Rom. 7:24) is going to continue to be wretched. "No good thing" (Rom. 7:18) is not going to improve to "some good things." The old nature is sinful and corrupt through and through, and it is never going to improve.
3) The Old Nature Is Not Transformed
When a person is saved, the old nature is not transformed into something good. "That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the spirit is spirit" (John 3:6). When a person is born again, the flesh does not transform itself into spirit. It remains what it always was: FLESH. The old nature is not improved and sweetened. It does not undergo a reformation. When a person gets saved, does God transform his old nature into something that is now good? Not at all.
The Bible teaches that my old nature is just as vicious and rotten and sinful and wicked as it ever was: "Put off . . . the old man, which is _____________________ according to the deceitful lusts" (Ephesians 4:22). The new birth is a creation (2 Corinthians 5:17; Ephesians 4:24; Colossians 3:10), not atransformation. The new birth is the bringing in of a new thing, not the changing of an old. My old nature remains the same. The difference is this: I now have a new nature created by God.
The Bible never teaches that the old nature is transformed. It does, however, teach that believers are being transformed and changed. Here are two examples:
"And be not conformed to this world: but be ye ________________ [changed] by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God" (Romans 12:2).
"But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are __________________ [transformed] into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord" (2 Cor. 3:18).
As we grow in the Lord, as we walk in the Spirit, as we obey the Lord, and as we surrender our hearts to Him, HE CHANGES US! Little by little, day by day, we are constantly being changed into His image. I can be more like Christ today than I was yesterday! I can be more like Christ tomorrow than I was today! God can transform me by His grace, but God does not transform the old sinful nature. No, instead He crucified it!
4) The Old Nature Can Never Be Purified
When you think of the old nature, you can think of a polluted well. The water in the depths of this well is polluted and corrupt and not fit to drink. You could paint the well, but the water which comes up is still going to be polluted. You could install a brand new bucket with brand new ropes, but the water which comes up is still going to be the same undrinkable water. The problem is with the source. Man's old sinful nature is a polluted stream which began to flow the moment Adam disobeyed God. This water is never going to be purified. It is never going to be cleansed. It will always be polluted by sin.
5) The Old Nature Can Never Please God
"So then they that are in the flesh cannot ______________ God" (Romans 8:8). According to Romans 8:9, a saved person is not in the flesh because he is indwelt by the Holy Spirit of God. The unsaved person is in the flesh, and this person can never please God (verse 8).
6) The Old Nature Remains With the Believer "Until Death Do Us Part"
As believers, we will have our old nature until the day we die or until the day that Christ comes to take us home to heaven (1 Thess. 4:13-18). When we were unsaved the old nature dominated everything that we did, including our thoughts, words and deeds. We could not help but sin. We were slaves to sin. We could do nothing but sin. There was no battle within us. The old nature dominated and had no opposition. It takes two to fight.
After we were saved, we possessed two natures, the old and the new. At this point there was a battle between the two natures: "For the _____________ lusteth against the Spirit, and the _____________ against the flesh; and these are _________________ the one to the other, so that ye cannot do the things that ye would" (Gal. 5:17).
As a saved person I have a choice. I can choose to walk in the Spirit or I can choose to walk in the flesh (Galatians 5:16). The believing heart knows that the only way to please God is to walk in the Spirit and to allow God to control his life. When the believing heart fails to walk in the Spirit, then he is convicted and bothered and grieved (compare the example of "righteous Lot" in 2 Peter 2:7-8). As believers, God has set us free from the power of sin, and we need to claim that victory by faith.
When the believer goes to be with the Lord, a great final transformation will take place (see 1 John 3:2; 1 Cor. 15:52-53) and the believer will finally be without sin and will no longer possess a wicked sin nature. He will then be free from even the presence of sin.
7) The Old Nature Was Condemned By God
God did not change the old nature. God did not transform the old nature. God did not improve the old nature. Rather, God condemned it. "For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, ___________________ ______ sin in the flesh" (Romans 8:3). Our sinful nature was condemned at Calvary's cross. DEATH is the only answer.
"Knowing this, that our ______ _______ is [was] crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed [rendered ineffective], that henceforth we should not serve sin" (Romans 6:6). God's solution to the problem of the old sinful nature involved Calvary's cross.
The Old Man
What is the "old man" (Rom. 6:6; Eph. 4:22; Col. 3:9) and what is the "new man" (Col. 3:10; Eph. 4:24)? The old man refers to all that I am and all that I have in Adam; the new man refers to all that I am and all that I have in Christ. The old man is my old life in Adam; the new man is my new life in Christ. The one refers to the SELF LIFE; the other to the CHRIST LIFE. The one has to do with FALLEN MAN; the other has to do with REDEEMED or REGENERATED MAN. The old man is the old self; the new man is the new self, the new creature in Christ.
The old man is characterized by that fallen sinful nature received from Adam; the new man is characterized by that divine holy nature received from God at the time of the new birth. The old man is born of the flesh; the new man is born of God. The old man came about by natural birth; the new man came about by the new birth. The old man is "CORRUPT according to the deceitful lusts" (Eph. 4:22; and compare Romans 7:24); the new man is "after God (according to God, patterned after God, a reflection of God, etc.) . . . created in righteousness and true holiness" (Eph. 4:24). The new man is a new thing which did not previously exist but which was created (Eph. 4:24; 2 Cor. 5:17). Five years before you were saved the new man did not exist at all, but the old man did!
The old man is not [simply] the old nature, though it involves the old nature; the old man is characterized as having a nature that is opposed to God, and this nature stamps its character on the activities of the old man (Roy Heubner).
The old man is described by his works (his deeds) in Ephesians 4:25-31: He is a wicked liar (v. 25), he has a rotten temper (v. 26), he is a evil thief (v. 28), he has a corrupt mouth with garbage flowing out of it (v. 29) and he is characterized by bitterness, wrath, anger, clamor, evil speaking and an unforgiving spirit (verses31-32). In contrast the new man speaks truth (v. 25), gets angry in the right way at the right things (v. 26), works hard and knows how to give (v. 28), speaks that which is good and that which edifies (v. 29), is characterized by kindness, tenderheartedness and a forgiving spirit. The new man is a reflection of God, the One who created Him!
How Do We Handle the Old Man?
How then does God deal with the old man? God does not change the old man. God does not transform the old man. What did God do with your old self? What did God do with all that you are and all that you have in Adam? Romans 6:6 answers this: "OUR OLD MAN WAS (past tense) CRUCIFIED WITH HIM." God condemned the old man, judged him and poured out His wrath on Him when the blessed Saviour died on the cross. My old man was crucified!
"Was crucified"--It is done! It is finished! You do not need to crucify the old man! It already was done 2000 years ago. It is not something that you do, it is something that God has already done! It is not a command to obey; it is a fact to believe! You do not need to deal with the old man. He has already been dealt with on the cross! Those who try to conquer the old man will never win!
In Romans 6:6 we need to make a difference between our position and our experience. This verse is not a reference to the experience of a Christian, as many Reformed men teach. "Our old man was crucified" is a fact pertaining to our position in Christ. In our actual experience our old man often seems very alive and well, but we must not go by our experience. We must go by what God has said (the FACTS!). The fact of your position is that your old man was crucified with Christ. Claim that fact by faith in spite of appearances to the contrary! Reckon it to be so! The more we claim this fact by faith, the more it will become true in our actual experience. The more we reckon on our position the more God the Holy Spirit will make it true in our actual condition. Faith is the key.
Consider Colossians 3:9-10. Note carefully the language. It says, "you have put off" and "you have put on." These are not commands, these are facts. Why has the old man been put off? Again the answer is found in Romans 6:6. The old man has been put off because God put him on the cross! My old man was put off and crucified at Calvary! The new man has been put on the moment I was saved because I am a new creature in Christ!
Now consider the language of Ephesians 4:22,24. Here we are told to do something! Put off and put on! These are commands! But did not Colossians chapter 3 says that it has already been done? Discern the difference:
Colossians sets forth the fact; Ephesians appeals to faith!
In Ephesians we are told to do in faith what Colossians tells us our God has already done in fact!
Colossians sets forth the fact; Ephesians appeals to faith!
In Ephesians we are told to do in faith what Colossians tells us our God has already done in fact!